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Diabetes and metabolism disorder



Diabetes and metabolism disorder
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Symptoms often include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased appetite. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications.
Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, damage to the nerves, damage to the eyes and cognitive impairment.
The relationship between type 2 diabetes, metabolism disorder and the main modifiable risk factors (excess weight, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and tobacco use) is similar in all regions of the world. There is growing evidence that the underlying determinants of diabetes are a reflection of the major forces driving social, economic and cultural change: globalization, urbanization, population aging, and the general health policy environment.

Diabetes can cure with the lifestyle management and walk in early stage.  Diabetes involves maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, a normal body weight, and avoiding use of tobacco.

Diabetes may be treated with medications such as insulin sensitizers with or without insulin. Control of blood pressure, metabolism disorders and maintaining proper foot and eye care are important for people with the disease. Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugar. Liposuction (weight loss treatments) in those with obesity is sometimes an effective measure in those with type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the birth of the baby.

Weight loss can prevent progression from prediabetes to diabetes type 2, decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease, or result in a partial remission in people with diabetes. No single dietary pattern is best for all people with diabetes. Healthy dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet, low-carbohydrate diet, or DASH diet are often recommended, although evidence does not support one over the others. According to the ADA, "reducing overall carbohydrate intake for individuals with diabetes has demonstrated the most evidence for improving glycaemia", and for individuals with type 2 diabetes who cannot meet the glycaemic targets or where reducing anti-glycaemic 

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